Internet of Things: More Types of IoT (Part 1)
Back in February we wrote a blog post that covered the five basic Internet of Things categories: Consumer IoT (CIoT), Commercial IoT, Industrial IoT (IIoT), Infrastructure IoT, and the Internet of Military Things (IoMT).
But these categories are just the tip of the proverbial iceberg — start researching any one of them and you’ll quickly find yourself immersed in a dizzying topography of industry- and field-specific IoT verticals.
- What is the Internet of Things (IoT)?
- What is the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)?
- What is the Internet of Vehicles (IoV)?
- What is the Internet of Energy (IoE)?
What is IoT?
Before we get started, let’s recap the basics. Broadly speaking, the Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a system of interrelated computing devices, machines, objects, animals, and people. In theory, each of these constituent parts possess their own unique identifiers (UIDs) and can transfer data over a network without necessarily requiring human-to-human or human-to-“thing” interaction.
Indeed, IoT is a versatile technology that offers a wide variety of intriguing products and use cases that incorporate smart devices (phones, watches, speakers, etc.), smart appliances (refrigerators, washing machines, thermostats, etc.), smart meters and sensors, and more.
What is the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT)?
The Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) is one of the fastest growing IoT segments, encompassing a variety of interconnected digital solutions and devices aimed at improving the quality, accessibility, and costs of healthcare.
Whether it’s the ability to track down lifesaving equipment in large hospitals and chaotic emergency rooms or the ability to offer convenient and affordable remote consultations, IoMT continues to change the healthcare industry for the better.
Common IoMT applications include:
- Robot assisted procedures, remote check-ups, and remote patient monitoring.
- Wearables to track daily health habits, facilitate preventative care, and make informed health recommendations.
- Connected medical devices and equipment for improved hospital and facilities management.
- Real-time dashboards and analytics for report monitoring, patient tracking, and information gathering.
What is the Internet of Vehicles (IoV)?
The Internet of Vehicles (IoV) refers to the use of sensors, software, and other technologies to transfer information between vehicles, devices, and other “things” via the Internet.
Suffice it to say, the automobile industry is one of the biggest manufacturing industries in the world, with an estimated one billion motor vehicles in use globally and more than 260 million highway registered vehicles in the United States alone. It also happens to be a highly competitive market. So, many manufacturers have turned to IoV to differentiate their fleets.
Common IoV applications include:
- Smart Telematics and Infotainment systems to improve driver experiences.
- Anonymized driver analytics for improving customer life-time value.
- Real-time vehicle analytics, including accident prevention and preventative maintenance solutions, to improve vehicle safety, longevity, fuel consumption, and performance.
- Remote fleet management and over-the-air (OTA) programming capabilities.
What is the Internet of Energy (IoE)?
The Internet of Energy (IoE) is the use of IoT technologies to digitize, automate, and improve the creation, transportation, and use of energy. Typically, these technologies are deployed to create operational efficiencies, realize cost savings, and minimize waste.
Indeed, intelligent energy management solutions are among the most valuable uses for IoT, generating returns on investments that are both immediate and easy to calculate. In fact, even the most basic energy management solutions, such as smart thermostats and other appliances, can reduce energy consumption in buildings by up to 20%.
Common IoE applications include:
- Smart grids, with advanced metering infrastructure, smart distribution boards and circuit breakers, energy efficient resources, etc.
- Optimized energy usage and reduced energy costs for private homes, offices, cities, wind and solar farms, and more.
- Smart home appliances that leverage IoT sensors and machine learning technology to adapt to homeowner behavior.
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